What is Trap, Neuter, Release/ Rehome, Management (TNRM)

TNRM (Trap, Neuter, Release, Management)

International agencies such as World Health Organization (WHO) and World Organization For Animal Health (OIE) strongly advocate TNRM.  Scientific researches and years of attempts across countries prove that catch and kill do not eliminate the street dogs and cats issue, but TNRM does.

These are the countries that are currently practicing TNRM and shows positive result.  Last year, Dhaka government announced to put an end to killing campaign.  They have now fully implemented CNVR (Catch, Neuter, Vaccinate, Release) method by using government veterinarians. (source from HSI, Humane Society International)

Arab, Egypt, Bali in Indonesia, Dhaka in Bangladesh, India, Philippines, Bhutan, Phuket in Thailand, Singapore, Hong Kong are also adopting TNRM method.

Attached with :
1. Egypt Today Article on Trap, Neuter, and Release
2. http://tnr.spca.org.hk/index.php/en/tnr-trial-frequently-asked-questions
3. http://www.catwelfare.org/faq

Empirical studies show that it is nearly impossible to finance a pounding operation/ shelter effectively if the dog population is not properly regulated as there will never be an end to the number of dogs that one can pick up from the streets.

Each time strays are being removed, the population will bounce back through a natural phenomenon known as “vacuum effect”, drawing the community into the cycle of costly, endless trapping and killing.

The vacuum effect depicts that even a portion of animal population is permanently removed from its home range, the empty habitat sooner or later attracts other members of the species from neighboring areas to move in and take advantage of the same resources that attracted the first group (like shelter and food).  Killing or removing the original population does nothing to eliminate these resources; it only creates a “vacuum” that will inevitably draw in other animals living nearby.

TNR (Trap, Neuter & Release) stabilizes stray populations. The strays are humanely trapped, vaccinated and neutered, so no more litters will be born. They are then returned to their original location to live out their lives but are now unable to continue reproducing and adding to the growing problem. In addition, they also guard the current community to prevent other animals from entering thus the population can eventually be controlled. There are several reasons supporting the controlling of stray dog population by spaying and neutering. Here are some of them:

i. The studies show that killing does not reduce stray population in a long run since It is impossible to eliminate all and there will always be new strays. The remaining strays and those coming to the area from other places will reproduce even faster than before since they have plenty of space and more food. The strays that come from other areas can also bring diseases and may be more menacing before getting familiar with their new living environment than the ones that were eliminated from the area.

ii. Capturing, keeping and killing of strays are often done in very cruel and completely inhumane ways. These cause the animals a great deal of pain and suffer.

iii. The killing of strays ignores the fact that strays may have significance to some people. These people may not have the luxury or space to keep pets but helping the stray animals is very therapeutic to them.

iv. Ample studies show that spayed and neutered strays behave much more peaceful towards each other and human.  Neutered males do not fight for females as they no longer suffer the hormone-driven heat and they are much calmer in general.

v. The risk of contagious diseases decreases remarkably along with spaying and neutering coupled with vaccinations.


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